Total ankle replacement, also known as ankle arthroplasty, is the procedure to replace a damaged or diseased ankle joint with a new, artificial joint. These artificial joints may be made from metal or plastic. Total ankle replacement in Singapore is typically recommended for patients who are diagnosed with advanced ankle arthritis, which causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the ankle joint, as well as difficulty walking or moving the foot.
Other reasons why an individual may be recommended a total ankle replacement in Singapore include:
Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis that affects the ankle joint
Ankle pain that persists while resting
Ankle pain that worsens when weight or pressure is applied to the joint
Ankle instability or weakness
Difficulty or painful walking
A total ankle replacement can help address these issues long-term. Generally, the procedure is recommended to older adults; and for patients whose symptoms cannot be controlled through conservative means such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy and braces.
Total ankle replacement in Singapore may not be suitable for individuals who are obese or overweight, or have weak ankle ligaments, misaligned feet, diabetes, nerve damage, bone infections and circulatory problems.
How is a total ankle replacement performed?
Total ankle replacement in Singapore is done while the patient is asleep under general anesthesia. After cleaning and disinfecting the surgical site, the surgeon will proceed to create an incision to access the affected part of the ankle. The damaged bone and cartilage, along with loose tissue, are removed. Once the joint surfaces are smooth and prepared, the artificial implants are placed and secured before the incision is closed.
Recovery after total ankle replacement?
Total ankle replacement in Singapore has a typical recovery period of 6 to 12 months. During this time, the patient is advised to wear a cast to immobilize the ankle, as well as use crutches to reduce weight borne by the ankle, allowing the site to heal. Medications are also prescribed to prevent infection and blood clots. Pain medication and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling.
The patient will also need to undergo rehabilitation and physiotherapy to regain strength and flexibility in the ankle joint.
Axis Orthopaedic Centre offers a wide range of treatments for foot and ankle conditions, including ankle arthroscopy and total ankle replacement. Call 9711 8888 to schedule an appointment.