The knee is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. Composed of the femur, tibia and patella, the knee is where the bones of the lower and upper legs meet. These three bones are covered with cartilage, which is a smooth and elastic material that absorbs shock and minimises friction, allowing the bones to glide easily as they move. The knee also consists of tendons that connect the knee bones to the leg muscles to aid in movement, while the ligament joins the knee bones that enable the knee to achieve stability.

What Are the Most Common Knee Conditions and Injuries?

The knee performs important functions that enable the body to accomplish numerous day-to-day tasks. Due to the importance of the knee’s functions in our daily life, it is subject to continual wear and stress, making it susceptible to injuries and illnesses. Some of the most common knee pain conditions in Singapore are:

  • Dislocated kneecap - Kneecap dislocation happens when the position of the kneecap slips out of place and away from its vertical groove at the knee joint. This is usually caused by a strong force or blow, a bad fall, misstep, car accidents and sports injuries.
  • Dislocated knee - A dislocated knee occurs when the femur, tibia and patella are not aligned or pop out of their normal places. Causes include accidents, hard falls or a sports injury.
  • Patella fracture - The patella is a small bone located in front of the knee joint where the thigh bone (femur) and shinbone (tibia) meet. It protects the knee and connects the muscles in the front of the thigh to the tibia. Accidents, sports-related incidents and traumatic injury can cause the patella to break or fracture.
  • Anterior cruciate ligament injury - This type of knee injury occurs when the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the ligament responsible for stabilising the knee joint, becomes overstretched or torn. Contact sports like football, basketball, soccer and volleyball are activities that make one highly prone to developing an ACL injury.
  • Meniscus tears - The meniscus is the cartilage between the knee that absorbs shocks and at the same time stabilises and cushions the knee. Engaging in sports is the most common risk factor for individuals to develop this condition. Sudden change in direction while playing or a twist in the knee can tear the meniscus.

What Are the Symptoms of Knee Pain and Other Knee Conditions?

Common knee conditions in Singapore have various signs and symptoms which are usually dependent on the cause of the problem. Some of the indicators that an individual is experiencing knee problems are:

  • Stiffness and swelling of the knee
  • Knee weakness or knee instability
  • Difficulty straightening the knee
  • Redness and warmth
  • Knee pain that worsens over time
  • Popping or crackling of the knee when bending
  • Weight bearing problems
  • Bruising

What Knee Treatments Does Axis Orthopaedic Centre Provide?

At our clinic, our knee pain doctor offers the following services to address a variety of knee conditions in Singapore:

  • Knee Arthroscopy
  • Total Knee Replacement
  • Partial Knee Replacement
  • Computer Navigated Knee Replacement – Total & Partial
  • Robot Assisted Knee Replacement (e.g. Makoplasty)
  • Revision Knee Replacement
  • Arthroscopic Ligament Reconstruction
  • ACL Reconstruction
  • PCL Reconstruction
  • Multiligament Knee Reconstruction
  • Cartilage Repair and chondroplasty
  • Meniscal Repair & Meniscal Transplant
  • Subchondroplasty

If you are experiencing persistent and severe symptoms, do consult an orthopaedic doctor for the necessary medical treatments.

Axis Orthopaedic Centre is experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of orthopaedic knee conditions in Singapore. Visit our knee pain clinic or book an appointment by calling 9711 8888.

FAQ

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