Hand and wrist conditions in Singapore are frequently caused by repetitive stress, trauma or injury, and age-related wear and tear. Symptoms include pain, swelling, numbness and difficulty moving (limited motion).
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome, also known as median nerve compression, is a condition that causes numbness, tingling and weakness in the hand and forearm. It occurs when the median nerve, which runs through the carpal tunnel, becomes compressed. Left untreated, carpal tunnel syndrome can result in permanent dysfunction to the hand or wrist. It can be treated through specific exercises and wearing splints; and surgery in some cases.
De Quervain’s Tendinopathy
This is a painful condition wherein the tendons that pass through the thumb side of the wrist become swollen due to repetitive movements in the hand or wrist. This happens when tendons are compressed by a tunnel of tissue (sheath) that goes through the wrist and hands. To ease the pain, doctors recommend resting, applying ice wrap and taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, trigger finger is the most common hand and wrist condition in Singapore in which one of the fingers becomes stuck in a bent position, resulting in a locking sensation and pain. It usually occurs when the tendon sheath becomes inflamed and swollen, leading to difficulty in moving the affected fingers.
It is a small sac of fluid that develops at the back of the wrist or finger. This is a noncancerous lump in the hands that differs in size and is usually visible under the skin.
It is a condition affecting the connective tissue where the fibrous layer of the tissue in the skin (fascia) has thickened and developed a lump that causes the fingers to be deformed, specifically the middle, ring and little finger. Surgery is the most common treatment for advanced cases. Other treatments may include a steroid injection or needling, where deemed appropriate.
It is a degenerative condition in which the joints in the hand become swollen and stiff. It usually affects the base of the thumb, a joint near the fingertips and the middle joint in the finger. The most common arthritis affecting the hand includes osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Arthritis in the hand can be treated through splints, medications or surgery in advanced cases.